What is it? Also known as: Mucocele of the Lip or Mucous Cyst Mucoceles are small cysts inside the mouth, which commonly occur in the inner surface of the lower lip but can also occur in other areas of the mouth. What causes it? Mucoceles occur due to interruptions in small salivary glands ducts due […]

Mucous membrane pemphigoid

Mucous membrane pemphigoid What is mucous membrane pemphigoid? Mucous membrane pemphigoid, previously known as cicatricial pemphigoid, is a very rare subepidermal autoimmune blistering disease which predominantly affects the mucous membranes such as the inner linings of the mouth, eyes and genitalia. The second part of its name, “pemphigoid”, comes from the Greek word pemphix, meaning bubbles. […]

Medication-induced cutaneous pigmentation 

Medication-induced cutaneous pigmentation  What is medication induced cutaneous pigmentation? Medication-induced cutaneous (skin) pigmentation (MIP) is due to various topical, oral and intravenous medications. Common agents include minocycline, amiodarone, antimalarials, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, bleomycin and cytotoxic agents, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and heavy metals (e.g. silver, gold and mercury). Medications can also cause loss of pigmentation or […]


Methotrexate What is methotrexate? Methotrexate is a medication used in the treatment of skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, autoimmune blistering diseases and connective tissue diseases. It is also commonly used in the treatment of non dermatological conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Methotrexate works by reducing the activity of your immune […]


Moles Also known as melanocytic naevi What are moles? Moles are normal overgrowths of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Almost all of us have moles. They are not normally present at birth but appear in childhood and early teenage years. By the age of fifteen years, Australian children have an average of more than 50 moles. […]


Miliaria Also known as heat rash, prickly heat or sweat rash What is miliaria? Miliaria is a group of skin conditions that arise from blockage of sweat ducts. There are three types of miliaria classified by the level of blockage of the sweat duct. These include miliaria crystalline, miliaria rubra and miliaria profunda. Who develops […]


Morphoea Also known as localised scleroderma What is morphoea? Morphoea is a disorder of the skin collagen. It can occur at any age but most commonly occurs in young adults and children. Females are affected twice as often as males (ratio 2:1). Morphoea is characterised by thickening of the skin. It does not usually have […]