Epidermolysis Bullosa

What is it? Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a group of rare inherited skin fragility disorders which are characterised by blistering of the skin with minor injury. What causes it? EB is a genetic disease. So far, mutations in 19 different genes have been identified as causes for EB. These EB genes produce proteins that are responsible […]

Fibrous Papule of the face

Also known as … Angiofibroma, Fibrous Papule of the nose, Adenoma Sebaceum Fibrous Papule of the face are benign small skin coloured lesions (usually less than 5mm in size). Under the microscope, they are made up of dilated blood vessels, fibroblasts and collagen (cells and supporting material of the skin). They usually occur alone on […]

Female Pattern Hair Loss (FPHL)

What is it? Also known as … Androgenetic Alopecia in women What is female pattern hair loss? Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the term used to describe genetic hair thinning in females. This condition can affect women of any age but is more common after menopause. Around 40% of women show signs of FPHL […]

Fabry Disease

What is it? Also known as … Angiokeratoma Corporis Diffusum, Alpha-galactosidase A Deficiency, Anderson-Fabry Disease. Fabry disease is a rare genetic condition, belonging to a group of diseases called lysosomal storage diseases. What causes it? Fabry disease is an x-linked genetic condition. This means it can be passed on from the mother only. Men are […]

Follicular Mucinosis

What is it? Also known as … Alopecia Mucinosa Follicular mucinosis is a rare disorder affecting hair-bearing skin, most commonly on the scalp, head and neck. The name of the condition comes from the accumulation of mucin (jelly-like, semi-liquid material) in the walls of hair follicles. Sometimes the mucin is visible to the naked eye, […]

Follicular Keratotic Naevus

Also known as … Naevus Comedonicus, Comedonal Naevus and Pilosebaceous Naevoid Disorder. Naevus Comedonicus is a rare type of epidermal nevus. A benign overgrowth derived from a hair follicle unit. More


Flushing What is flushing? Flushing is a term used to describe transient and episodic reddening of the skin. It occurs most commonly on the face and neck but less conspicuous changes may occur over the entire body. What is the cause of flushing? Flushing is the visible sign of a generalised increase in the skin […]

Folliculitis decalvans

Folliculitis decalvans What is folliculitis decalvans? Folliculitis decalvans is an uncommon inflammatory scalp condition which can result in destruction of hair follicles and permanent loss of hair. The condition predominantly affects young and middle-aged adults and is more common in males. It can be hereditary in some families. What causes folliculitis decalvans? This is not […]