Epidermolysis Bullosa

What is it? Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a group of rare inherited skin fragility disorders which are characterised by blistering of the skin with minor injury. What causes it? EB is a genetic disease. So far, mutations in 19 different genes have been identified as causes for EB. These EB genes produce proteins that are responsible […]

Epidermoid Cyst

What is it? Also known as … Sebaceous Cyst, Epidermoid Inclusion Cyst, Infundibular Cyst, Epidermal Cyst, Epidermal Inclusion Cyst What is an Epidermoid Cyst? An epidermoid cyst is a benign walled-off cavity filled with keratin which originates from the hair follicle unit.   What causes it? Epidermoid cysts are the most common type of cyst. […]

Epidermal Naevus

What is it? Epidermal Naevus (EN) is a term for a group of birthmarks made from cells from the outer portion of the skin (the epidermis), which appear in one or many lines or in a swirled pattern. What causes it? Epidermal naevi occur when early in the life of the embryo a genetic mutation develops […]

Enteroviral Vesicular Stomatitis

What is it? Also known as … Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease. Enteroviral vesicular stomatitis or hand foot and mouth disease is a common contagious viral illness that spreads from person to person. It usually occurs in children but can affect individuals of any age. It is a usually a short illness (7 to 10 […]

Erythema Annulare Centrifugum

What is it? Also known as … Superficial or Deep Gyrate Erythema, Erythema Perstans, Palpable Migrating Erythema What is Erythema Annulare Centrifugum? Erythema Annulare Centrifugum (EAC) refers to an annular (ring-shaped) erythematous (red) skin eruption that tends to spread outwards whilst clearing centrally. What causes it? The cause of EAC is unknown but it is […]

Eosinophilic Cellulitis

Also known as … Well’s Syndrome. Well’s Syndrome is a rare inflammatory skin disease which tends to come and go over many years. It can sometimes be confused for cellulitis, an infection of the skin. More

Exanthema Subitum

Also known as … Viral Exanthems: Roseola, Sixth Disease, Roseola Infantum or Three-day Fever. Roseola is a viral disease that commonly affects infants and toddlers. More

Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis

What is it? Also known as … Treeman syndrome, Lewandowsky-Lutz syndrome, Lewandowsky-Lutz dysplasia. Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare inherited skin condition that predisposes a person to infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). What causes it? EV is an inherited disorder. In most cases, it is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. This means […]

Extramammary paget disease

What is extramammary paget disease? Extramammary paget disease (EMPD) is a rare type of skin cancer, characterised by a chronic scaly rash of the anogenital areas. EMPD favours elderly women older than age 50 years. What causes extramammary paget disease? EMPD has two forms, primary and secondary. Primary EMPD accounts for approximately 80% of EMPD. […]