What is it? Cyclosporin is a drug used in dermatology to reduce inflammation. It is effective in controlling common conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. How does it work? Cyclosporin works by reducing the numbers of T-cells in the epidermis that contribute to inflammation of the skin. What is it used for? Cyclosporin is effective […]

Cutaneous Small Vessel Vasculitis

What is it? Also known as … Cutaneous Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis, Cutaneous Leukocytoclastic Angiitis, Hypersensitivity Angiitis and Cutaneous Necrotizing Venulitis What is Cutaneous Small Vessel Vasculitis? Cutaneous Small Vessel Vasculitis (CSVV) is a condition caused by inflammation of the skin’s blood vessels. It classically presents as areas of red or purple discoloration.  This is due to […]

Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus

What is it? Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE) is a form of lupus that predominantly affects the skin. The most common forms are Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (SCLE) and Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE). There is a very small chance that these cutaneous forms of lupus may develop into Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) with internal organ involvement. […]

Primary Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphoma

What is it? Also known as … Cutaneous B-cell Lymphoma What is Primary Ctaneous B-cell Lymphoma (PCBCL)? Tumours of the lymph nodes and lymphatic system are called “lymphomas”. B-cell lymphomas are caused by an excess of B-cell lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCL) are a group of B-cell lymphomas […]

Cutaneous Larva Migrans

What is it? Also known as … Creeping Eruption, Sand-worm Eruption or Plumber’s Itch What is Cutaneous Larva Migrans? Cutaneous larva migrans is an itchy localised skin infestation caused by the penetration and migration of animal hookworm larvae through the skin. What causes it? The condition is caused by the larvae of hookworms that infect […]


What are they? The term “cosmeceutical” was introduced by dermatologist Dr Albert Kligman in 1984 and is derived from a combination of the words cosmetic and pharmaceutical. What are cosmeceuticals? Cosmeceuticals are products that have both cosmetic and therapeutic (medical or drug-like) effects, and are intended to have a beneficial effect on skin health and beauty. […]

Congenital Melanocytic Naevi

What is it? Congenital Melanocytic Naevi (CMN) are skin lesions consisting of nests of melanocytes (cells that produce pigment). They are present at birth or shortly after birth. They occur in approximately 1 in 100 live births. CMN are classified according to their predicted adult size: Small –  reach less than 1.5cm Medium – reach […]

Compensatory Hyperhidrosis

What is it? Also known as … Rebound Sweating, Post Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy (ETS) Sweating, Paradoxical Sweating, Reflex Sweating What is Compensatory Hyperhidrosis? Compensatory Hyperhidrosis is a common, post-surgical complication of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS surgery). The condition occurs mainly on the trunk and can affect large areas of the body. What causes it? Compensatory […]

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis

What is it? Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis (CDNH) simply means inflamed cartilage and skin forming a tender lump on the ear. The tender scaly lump develops most often on the most protuberant part of the ear where pressure is applied. It can develop from sleeping on a firm pillow or from wearing ill-fitting head phones or […]