Acne Scars (Acne Scarring)

What is it? Acne scars are permanent textural changes and indentations that occur on the skin as a result of severe acne. The term “scarring” is not used for the temporary red and brown marks left early after acne has occurred as these marks will almost always improve without treatment. What causes it? In severe […]

Acne Vulgaris

What is it? Also known as…acne, pimples, zits, spots What is acne vulgaris? Acne is a very common skin condition that usually begins in adolescence. The hair follicle and its associated oil (sebaceous) gland become blocked and inflamed.  Whiteheads, blackheads and inflamed pus-filled spots develop on the face, neck, back and chest because this is […]

Azathioprine

What is it? Azathioprine is an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant medication. It can be used to treat inflammatory conditions such as severe eczema. Azathioprine is a “steroid-sparing agent” which means it is used instead of corticosteroid tablets to avoid their long-term side effects. How Does It Work? The function of white blood cells is to fight […]

Atopic Eruption of Pregnancy

What is it? Also known as … Eczema in Pregnancy, Prurigo of Pregnancy, Pruritic Folliculitis of Pregnancy, Papular Dermatoses of Pregnancy What is Atopic Eruption of Pregnancy? The term “Atopic Eruption of Pregnancy” (AEP) groups together a number of conditions with similar features. AEP is the most common of the pregnancy dermatoses (incidence 1:300-3000).  Affected […]

Aphthous Ulcers

What is it? Also known as … Apthae, Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS), Recurrent Oral Aphthae, Mikulicz Ulcers, Sutton’s Ulcer, Periadenitis Mucosa Necrotica Recurrens (PMNR), Canker Sores, simple or complex Aphthosis, Non-sexually Acquired Genital Ulceration (NSGU) What are Aphthous Ulcers? Aphthous Ulcers are a common problem with a higher prevalence in high socio-economic areas. They occur […]

Angular Cheilitis

What is it? Also known as … Perlèche or Angular Stomatitis Angular Cheilitis is an inflammation of the corners of the mouth, often bilateral (it often affects both corners of the mouth). The condition presents with redness and irritation. What causes it? Angular cheilitis is more common in the elderly due to the occlusion from […]

Adenoma Sebaceum

Also known as … Angiofibroma, Fibrous Papule of the face, Fibrous Papule of the nose. Adenoma Sebaceum are benign small skin coloured lesions (usually less than 5mm in size). Under the microscope, they are made up of dilated blood vessels, fibroblasts and collagen (cells and supporting material of the skin). They usually occur alone on […]

Angiofibroma

What is it? Also known as … Fibrous Papule of the face, Fibrous Papule of the nose, Adenoma Sebaceum  What is an Angiofibroma? Angiofibromas are benign small skin coloured lesions (usually less than 5mm in size). Under the microscope, they are made up of dilated blood vessels, fibroblasts and collagen (cells and supporting material of […]

Anetoderma

What is it? Anetoderma is a localised laxity or looseness in the skin, appearing as an outpouching or herniation of skin that is softer than the normal skin that surrounds it. It occurs due to loss of the elastic tissue in the skin. This condition occurs more often in females than in males, and most […]