M Skin topics

The A to Z of Skin information has been developed to help you understand more about common skin conditions and problems, and how these may be treated.

 

  • Male pattern baldness

    Male pattern baldness also known as androgenetic alopecia, is the term used to describe a common form of baldness in men that is usually inherited.

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  • Malignant atrophic papulosis

    Malignant atrophic papulosis also known as Degos disease, is a rare progressive condition affecting blood vessels. This causes disease in the skin, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system

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  • Mastocytosis

    Mastocytosis is a condition where mast cells accumulate in the skin or sometimes in internal organs.

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  • Medication-induced cutaneous pigmentation 

    Medication-induced cutaneous (skin) pigmentation (MIP) is due to various topical, oral and intravenous medications. Common agents include minocycline, amiodarone, antimalarials, antipsychotics, antico...

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  • Melanocytic naevi

    Melanocytic naevi also known as moles are normal overgrowths of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Almost all of us have moles. They are not normally present at birth but appear in childhood ...

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  • Melanoma

    Melanoma is a cancer that arises in pigment cells of the skin (melanocytes). If not detected early, it has the capacity to spread through blood vessels and lymph channels to other parts of the body.

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  • Melasma

    Melasma appears as patchy shades of brown pigmentation on sun exposed areas of the face. Melasma is more commonly seen in females and those with darker skin types and usually gets worse in summer.

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  • Merkel cell carcinoma

    Merkel cell carcinoma is a very uncommon type of aggressive skin cancer.  It presents most commonly in elderly fair-skinned individuals, particularly in sun-exposed areas on the head, neck and limbs.

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  • Methotrexate

    Methotrexate is a medication used in the treatment of skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, autoimmune blistering diseases and connective tissue diseases.

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  • Miescher’s cheilitis

    Miescher’s cheilitis also known as granulomatous cheilitis, is a rare condition characterised by persistent, diffuse, soft-to-firm swelling of one or both lips.

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  • Mikulicz ulcers

    Mikulicz ulcers also known as Aphthous ulcers, are a common problem with a higher prevalence in high socio-economic areas.

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  • Miliaria

    Miliaria is a group of skin conditions that arise from blockage of sweat ducts. There are three types of miliaria classified by the level of blockage of the sweat duct.

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  • Mohs micrographic surgery

    Mohs micrographic surgery is an advanced technique that ensures complete removal of skin cancers with minimal loss of surrounding tissue. It was originally developed in the USA by Dr Frederick Mohs in...

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  • Moles

    Moles are normal overgrowths of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Almost all of us have moles. They are not normally present at birth but appear in childhood and early teenage years. By the ...

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  • Molluscum Contagiosum

    Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection which occurs worldwide but is more common in warm climates. This condition frequently affects children.

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  • Moon-boot foot syndrome

    Moon-boot foot syndrome also known as juvenile plantar dermatosis, is a skin condition where there is cracking and peeling of the weight-bearing areas of the soles.

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  • Morphoea

    Morphoea is a disorder of the skin collagen. It can occur at any age but most commonly occurs in young adults and children. Females are affected twice as often as males (ratio 2:1). Morphoea is charac...

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  • Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

    Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome also known as Kawasaki’s disease, is a rare form of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels). It can affect many parts of the body. The diagnosis is made when som...

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  • Mucous cyst

    Mucous cyst also known as adigital myxoid cyst, is an entirely benign, non-cancerous swelling that usually occurs at the base of the nail on the fingers or toes. Digital myxoid cysts are not “catch...

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  • Mucous membrane pemphigoid

    Mucous membrane pemphigoid, previously known as cicatricial pemphigoid, is a very rare subepidermal autoimmune blistering disease which predominantly affects the mucous membranes such as the inner lin...

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  • Muzzle rash

    Muzzle rash also known as perioral dermatitis is a common inflammatory rash that occurs around the mouth area. Other affected areas include around the nose, chin and eyes.

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  • Mycosis Fungoides

    Mycosis fungoides is a rare skin condition caused by the presence of abnormal white blood cells within the skin. Most cases of mycosis fungoides are not life-threatening and can be treated but not cur...

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